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Chemotherapy Vs Immunotherapy - Which is Better?

When it comes to cancer treatment, the first two treatment methods which come to our mind are Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy. But which one better for you? Which treatment type can help you with faster recovery? Hence, in this article, we are going to provide you the complete details on Chemotherapy Vs Immunotherapy and which one should you choose.

Chemotherapy drugs are those drugs that are used to eliminate cancer cells, by which the tumors contrast and the cancer is not able to spread. These drugs are also called chemotherapeutic agents or anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapy is also a good way to eliminate cancer cells. Chemotherapy does not allow cancer cells to spread to other parts of the body such as in the bones, in the liver, or in the brain.

Immunotherapy is a kind of cancer treatment that stimulates the body's immune system and enhances/ stimulates it. Immunotherapy is used to treat certain types of cancers and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis disease and multiple sclerosis. It is also called biological therapy, biotherapy or biological response modifier (BRM) therapy.

By now, you must be aware that what exactly is chemotherapy and immunotherapy but the question remains that which one should you choose. For that, a complete comparison between Immunotherapy and Chemotherapy is provided below.

Difference between Immunotherapy and Chemotherapy?

The chemo drugs directly attack the cancerous cells with a motive of killing them but all along they kill the normal cells of the body. Whereas in the case of Immunotherapy, the motive lies in strengthening the immune system, so that the body can itself fight against the cancer cells. Also, in Immunotherapy, the immune system is being taught - how to differentiate between cancer cells and normal cells. This method helps in the effective killing of cancerous cells.

Chemotherapy vs Immunotherapy - Side Effects

As we have already mentioned that Chemotherapy drugs don't differentiate between cancerous and non-cancerous cells which makes them destroy normal cells along with the cancerous cells. Therefore, it can impose a number of side effects on the patient's body after cancer treatment. The most frequent side effects of chemotherapy are:

  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Anemia (low red blood cell counts)
  • Appetite changes
  • Constipation
  • Lowers the Concentration and focus power
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight Changes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sores and pain with swallowing
  • Numbness, tingling, and pain in muscles and nerves
  • Urine and bladder changes and kidney problems
  • Changes in libido and sexual function
  • Fertility problems

These are some of the major side effects of chemotherapy which the patients can experience after cancer treatment. Now, coming to the side effects of Immunotherapy, the list goes like this.

  • Feeling tired (fatigue)
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • Itching
  • Shortness of breath
  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased appetite
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss

These are some of the common side effects of Immunotherapy but there lies a situation in which these side effects may not occur in all people.

Chemotherapy Vs Immunotherapy - Length of treatment

The length of treatment can't be specific, as it varies from person to person and disease to disease. Also, the individual's health plays a vital role in deciding the length of cancer treatment. If the patient is suffering from initial stage cancer, the length of treatment is expected to be smaller compared to the one who is suffering from advanced cancer. So, no specific period of treatment can be justified in both chemotherapy and immunotherapy.

Chemotherapy Vs Immunotherapy - Effectiveness

The effect of chemotherapy in the body remains until there is the presence of chemo drugs. Whereas in the case of Immunotherapy, the results are long-lasting as the patient's immune system is made to recognize the cancerous cells. Therefore, whenever a cancerous activity is examined in the body, the immune system is strong enough to kill them. So, here we can say, Immunotherapy shows better results in comparison to Chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy Vs Immunotherapy - Cost Comparison

Cost plays a vital role in cancer treatment. There are a huge number of patients who failed to take cancer treatment on time due to lack of money. So, along with the effectiveness, the cost is also a factor which is being looked by all. When a comparison is being done between the cost of cancer treatment by Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy, the treatment with chemotherapy is found to be more costly. The drugs which are being used in Chemotherapy are quite costly. Therefore, Immunotherapy is been recommended for the most effective cancer treatment.

Here we conclude the complete comparison between Immunotherapy and Chemotherapy. By now you must have made your mind that which is the best treatment method for you. If you ask our vote, we are going to recommend Immunotherapy because of its results, lesser side effects, and cost-effectiveness.

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